王东华总领事在《西雅图时报》发表文章:合作最符合中美利益,是两国的最佳选择

美国华盛顿州发行量最大的英文报纸《西雅图时报》1月18日在评论版发表中国驻旧金山总领事王东华的署名评论文章,阐述中方在中美关系和中美经贸摩擦问题上的立场,指出合作符合中美最大利益,是最佳选择。(文章亦于17日在该报网络版刊出)全文如下:

对中国和波音公司来说,2018年11月30日是具有重要意义的一天。波音为中国制造的第2000架商用飞机在西雅图交付给厦门航空公司。波音公司向中国交付首批1,000架飞机花了40多年,而交付第二批1000架飞机仅用5年。

波音公司向中国交付第二批1000架飞机的速度之快表明,随着中国经济的快速发展,包括航空服务在内的中国市场迅速扩大。波音公司是受益于中国经济快速发展的美国公司之一。如今,中国是美国飞机和大豆的最大出口市场,也是美国汽车,集成电路产品和棉花的第二大出口市场。

随着新的改革措施到位,中国13亿人口市场释放出前所未有的潜力。据预测,未来15年,中国进口货物和服务将分别超过30万亿美元和10万亿美元。未来20年,中国将需要7,690架客机来满足消费者和商务航空旅行的需求。对于许多将目光投向中国经济增长的国家而言,这意味着更多的机会,中美开展合作应认识到这一点。

波音公司向中国交付第三批1,000架商用飞机将需要多长时间呢?这个问题目前还很难回答。美国对中国的商品加征关税对包括波音在内的美国许多行业产生了不利影响。更高的关税意味着飞机成本增加25%,使波音飞机在国际市场上的竞争力下降。

(本台资料照片:王东华在庆祝中华人民共和国成立69周年国庆招待会上发表演讲)

中国的航空公司对是否要向波音公司下订单一直犹豫不决,但他们又必须执行扩大机队规模和替换正在服役飞机的计划,而不能无限期等待,因为飞机制造商收到订单后通常需要数年才能交付飞机。由于何时取消加征关税尚不得而知,中国的航空公司将不得不转向其他市场进行采购。我觉得波音公司拥抱中国的航空公司,但关税却让他们远离波音公司。

中国市场的更大开放并不意味着中国会为任何特定国家预留市场份额。解决中美之间的贸易摩擦已成为当务之急。中美元首在20国集团峰会期间成功会晤,就推进基于协调、合作和稳定的中美关系达成重要共识。贸易摩擦进一步升级的危险已经避免,但加征关税的措施并未取消,对美国许多行业的伤害仍在继续。两国贸易合作要恢复正常,仍有很多工作要做。两国的谈判团队正在努力落实两国元首的共识,希望能够达成一项双方均可接受的协议。

今年是中美建交四十周年。四十年来,中美在推进两国关系上取得了历史性进展,给两国和两国人民带来了巨大利益,为世界和平与繁荣做出了巨大贡献。过去四十年来双边关系的发展轨迹表明,中美两国不是战略对手,而是重要伙伴,中美合作不是零和游戏,而是互利双赢;合作最符合中美利益,是两国的最佳选择。

当今世界,经济全球化不断发展,不确定性也在日益增加,中美共同利益比以往任何时候都多,两国比以往任何时候都需要加强合作。合作将使两国变得更加强盛,而对抗则会使双方都受到削弱。中国愿继续与美国一道,为增进两国人民利益而共同努力。

(波音公司向厦门航空交付的出售给中国的第2000架客机,Photo credit: Seattle Times)

Trade war with China puts Boeing and U.S. economy at risk

Originally published January 17, 2019 at 3:01 pm

The trajectory of the bilateral relations over the last 40 years has shown that China and the U.S. are not strategic adversaries but important partners.

Nov. 30, 2018 was a day of great significance to Boeing and China, when the 2,000th commercial aircraft manufactured for China was delivered in Seattle to Xiamen Airlines. It took more than 40 years for Boeing to deliver the first batch of 1,000 airplanes to China, and only five years to deliver the second batch of 1,000 aircraft.

The speed of delivery of the second 1,000 aircraft from Boeing is a testimony to the fact that the market, including air services, has been expanding rapidly in China alongside its economic development. Boeing is one of the companies that has benefited from the opportunities generated by China’s economic growth. Today, China is the largest export market for Boeing aircraft and soybeans, and the second largest export market for U.S. automobiles, integrated circuit products and cotton.

With new reform measures in place, the potential to access China’s market of 1.3 billion people has never been greater. It is predicted that in the next 15 years, China’s imports of goods and services will exceed $30 trillion and $10 trillion, respectively. In the next 20 years, China will need 7,690 passenger aircraft to meet consumer and business demand for air travel. This means more opportunities for many countries that have set their sights on China’s growth, which should be recognized in relation to cooperation between China and the U.S.
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How long will it take for Boeing to deliver the third batch of 1,000 commercial aircraft to China? This is hard to answer at this point in time. The tariffs imposed on China’s exports to the U.S. have invited adverse impact on many industries in the U.S., Boeing included. Higher tariffs mean the cost of an aircraft increases by 25 percent, making the Boeing aircraft less competitive in the world market.

Chinese airlines have been hesitant to place new orders with Boeing, but they cannot wait to execute their plans to expand the size of their fleets and replace aircraft in service, as it usually takes years to receive aircraft after orders are placed with manufacturers. With no time frame for the removal of the U.S. tariffs in sight, they will have to shop somewhere else. I would say that Boeing embraces the Chinese airlines, yet the tariffs have turned them away.

Greater opening up of trade with China does not necessarily mean that any market share is reserved for any specific country. It has become a matter of urgency to resolve the trade frictions between China and the U.S. The heads of state of our two countries had a good meeting at the recent G-20 summit, and reached important consensus to push ahead on China-U.S. relations based upon coordination, cooperation and stability. The danger of trade frictions further escalating has been averted, but the pains are still being felt in many industries in the U.S. because the tariffs raised are still in effect. There is still a lot to do before the trade cooperation between the two countries can turn back to normal. Negotiators on both sides are working hard to implement the consensus of the two heads of state in hopes of coming up with an acceptable agreement.

This year marks the 40th anniversary of the establishment of the diplomatic relations between China and the U.S. Over the last four decades, China and the U.S. have made historic progress in advancing their relations and cooperation, delivering enormous benefits to our two countries and peoples, and contributing greatly to the world peace and prosperity. The trajectory of the bilateral relations over the last 40 years has shown that China and the U.S. are not strategic adversaries but important partners, their cooperation is not a zero-sum game but a win-win development, and the cooperation is in the best interests of our two countries and therefore the best option for our two sides.

In a world of economic globalization and increasing uncertainties, China and the U.S. have more common interests than ever and need to strengthen their cooperation more than ever. Cooperation will make them stronger, while confrontation will leave them both weakened. China would like to work with the U.S. for the greater benefit to our two peoples.

(Wang Donghua is the Consul General of the People’s Republic of China to San Francisco.)

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